Using the Internet has become very easy in the past few years, due to the latest technology and better algorithms. As you type in a domain name, a lot goes on behind the scenes to redirect you to that domain. When you search on the internet, you will write a domain name like amazon.com and you are taken to Amazon. However, a lot of processes take place as you type in that domain name.
The Internet connection is routed through servers and these servers do not understand amazon.com or other domain names. They only understand IP addresses that are written in numbers. As users, you cannot remember the IP addresses for every website so there has to be a translator that translates your message to the network servers.
What is DNS?
DNS or Domain Name System translates the domain names such as amazon.com to IP addresses so that the network servers can understand where you want to go on the Internet. If you have an Internet connection at home, your Internet Service Provider normally also provides a DNS server for your connection. When you type a domain name, it gets sent to the browser.
The browser sends this information to the DNS server and the server translates it into a numeric IP address that is verified. Since the message has been converted to numeric form, the server can now redirect you to Amazon’s website.
Problems with DNS
As you might have figured out by now, DNS is an important component of any network. So, if anything is wrong with the DNS, your connection will be weak or terminated. If the DNS supplied by your Internet Service Provider is slow, you will see a delay in page loading. This is especially true for those websites that show you content from different affiliate sites or advertisers. These domains take much longer to load.
Secondly, network admins can also have add-ons with the DNS. These add-ons can filter out malicious sites so that your browser is never redirected to a certain site. If there are any inappropriate sites like porn, they can also be filtered out. Parents can also use DNS for parental control over what their children can access on the Internet. In this way, they can restrict age-inappropriate content. If anything goes wrong with the DNS, it could cause issues.
Some ISPs monetize the DNS that they provide to their network users. How this works is that if you type in a domain name that does not have an IP address, you will be taken to another page on which the ISP has put advertisements. It should not really matter if the ISP is displaying advertisements but some people are concerned about their privacy.
Why Change DNS on Windows 10?
There are many reasons why you might want to change your DNS. Changing your DNS can help in making your connection safer and faster.
Most of the time, the DNS provided by your ISP is not up-to-date. It might also be slow which is why websites are loading much slower for you. If you change your DNS to an optimized one, you will be able to experience faster loading speeds.
Your ISP’s DNS might not provide your protection against phishing. Phishing is a practice that many nefarious hackers do in which they set up fake websites that look similar to popular websites like PayPal or even your bank’s site. If you are not careful with these sites or you do not notice that the domain name is not real, you might end up entering your credentials in the login section of these websites. To avoid such scams, you must look at the domain address in the address bar.
- The domain name is slightly off such as azamon.com and you fail to notice the slight change.
- Or, it might be completely unrelated.
- Sometimes, they have extremely long URLs, and the domain name is hidden somewhere in it and you do not bother to look for it.
Many users fail to notice such differences and they end up losing their money or important information to these fraudulent webmasters. You can stay safe by changing your DNS to an optimized version that has DNSCrypt to keep you safe from hijacking or redirection to such sites.
Sometimes, your ISP or country might have blocked some websites. In many countries, porn websites have been blocked. By changing your DNS, you can access these sites as you will not be using the ISP’s DNS and the block will not apply to your browser.
Whatever you search on the Internet is seen by your ISP. Your Internet Service Provider can see which domains you are searching for. If you want to keep your searches private, you can go ahead and change the DNS.
How to Change DNS Windows 10?
If your computer has Windows 10, you can change the DNS in different ways. The easiest way to do this is to change from the Control Panel. You can add multiple DNS addresses using this method.
Method 1: Using Control Panel
You can change the DNS settings on Windows 10 by following the steps below:
- Go to Control Panel and then to Network and Internet.
- Select Network and Sharing Center.
- Click on Change Adapter Settings. You will see this on the left side of the window.
- You will see your connection here. Whatever it is, right-click on it and then click on Properties.
- Check the box next to Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4).
- Then, select Properties.
- In Properties, select Use the following DNS server addresses. A window will open in which you can type the DNS address of your choice.
- Fill in the alternate and preferred DNS address box.
- If you are using Cloudflare, you can use 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11 as the two addresses.
- For Google Public DNS, you can use these: 18.104.22.168 and 22.214.171.124.
- Click on OK to apply the settings and then click Close.
If you want to add more than one DNS address, click on Advanced. Then, you can add as many DNS addresses as you want. You can also set the priority order of these DNS addresses.
Method 2: Change DNS using Settings
You can also go to Settings in Windows 10 and change the DNS from there. To do that, you have to go to Settings and then to Network and Internet.
- When you see your connection here, click on it.
- In the next window, you will see an option for IP settings. Click on the Edit button below this option.
- From the drop-down menu, choose Manual.
- Turn the IPv4 toggle switch on.
- You will see the same window as you saw in the previous method.
- Fill in your preferred and alternate address.
- If you are using Open DNS, you can enter the following settings respectively: 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52.
- After filling the boxes, click on Save to apply the settings.
- Restart your PC and when you start again, your preferred DNS settings will be in action.
If you are using this method, you will only be able to add two DNS addresses and not more. To add more, you should use Method 1. Also, you must restart your computer in order for these settings to take effect. However, in Method 1, you do not have to restart your computer.
Many occasions can arise on which you would have to change your DNS as there would be no other choice. Most often, the DNS provided by your ISP is not exactly the best and you would have to change it to suit your needs. The methods we have explained are very simple and you do not need to be very tech-savvy for these. Hopefully, you will have learned how to change DNS Windows 10, from this guide.